"Robust ecosystems are no luxury"
Klaus Töpfer talks to IP
01/01/2005 | by Klaus Töpfer
The former German Environment Minister speaks with IP about the Southeast Asia tsunami, what environmental lessons we can learn from it, and the Kyoto Accord's future.
Category Climate and Environment, Worldwide
Charm and Legacies
Are Republican centrists usurping the neo-con agenda-setters?
01/01/2005 | by Elizabeth Pond
After a row between the US and continental European partners France and Germany over Iraq, icy transatlantic relations may be heading for a thaw. The development hints at a change in Washington's thinking when it comes to Old Europe.
Category Europe-USA, Transatlantic Relations, Worldwide
Religion and Politics in the US and Germany
Which has more theologian MPs—Congress or the Bundestag?
01/01/2005 | by Karsten D. Voigt
Religious convictions have always influenced politics on both sides of the Atlantic. But religious considerations have been having a greater influence over American politics in recent years, with several potential implications for transatlantic relations.
Category Religion, Government and Society, Worldwide
The “European Idea” Meets US Reality
Let’s fill out the charm offensive with a bold transatlantic treaty
01/01/2005 | by Ulrike Guérot
The US and Europe are natural allies. In his second term President Bush seems to realize this and to recognize, perhaps, that the two sides of the Atlantic can accomplish much more together than they can separately. Here‘s how the partners might start.
Category Transatlantic Relations, Europe-USA, Worldwide
Raphael Lemkin’s Concept of Genocide
Fifty years later, the first conviction was handed down
01/01/2005 | by Anson Rabinbach
A few years ago, the New York Times described Polish-Jewish jurist Raphael Lemkin (1901-1959) as a “largely forgotten immigrant from Poland who coined the word genocide and pushed a convention outlawing it through the General Assembly.” Only with the creation of the International Tribunal for Crimes in former Yugoslavia and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, which secured the first-ever conviction for the crime of genocide, has Lemkin emerged from undeserved obscurity.
Category Government and Society, History, Worldwide
A Legally Binding Word
Genocide in international criminal law and political practice
01/01/2005 | by Alexandra Kemmerer
For decades, the Genocide Convention remained without any political impact. This changed with the tribunals on the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. William A. Schabas’ masterpiece illuminates this process. The 2003 German edition, reviewed here, is updated substantively from the 2000 English original, to include recent developments of international criminal law and practice, inter alia the 2001 conviction of General Radislav Krstic for his part in the 1995 Srebrenica massacre.
Category Humanitarian Intervention, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, Worldwide
Development and Globalization
Developing countries can benefit greatly from globalization
01/01/2005 | by Georg Koopmann
UNCTAD deplores a new “development pessimism” that says it is not development, but integration into the world market, that is the best path to reducing poverty in developing nations. The two are not exclusive.
Category Global Imbalances, Trade, Economy and Finance, Worldwide
Al Qaeda's New Recruits
01/08/2004 | by Christoph Reuter
Qais Ibrahim Qadir was a thoroughly polite and well-read young man in his late 20s. He had plenty of spare time after he alone survived a suicide attack on a provincial governor in the eastern part of the former Kurdish autonomy zone in northern Iraq. So in prison he took five hours to tell the author why he had joined al Qaeda and wanted to kill both himself and much of the rest of humanity.
Category Terrorism, Security, Religion, Government and Society, Worldwide
Reforming the UN and International Law
01/08/2004 | by Werner Hoyer
The global peace and security order that once rested on the United Nations and international law faces a decisive test in the wake of the Iraq war. International terrorism, the spread of weapons of mass destruction, and possible terrorist acquisition of WMD (something that cannot be ruled out) call for new answers to new security threats.
Category United Nations, Law & Institutions, Worldwide
Human Rights and Security
01/08/2004 | by Barbara Lochbihler
Tolerating human rights violations in the name of presumed crucial security interests is nothing new. We saw this trade-off in Latin America in the 1980s, and we see it in many dictatorial regimes in every region of the globe today. In the name of national security, members of minorities and political opposition movements have been and continue to be punished, tortured, and deprived of their most elementary rights.
Category Law & Institutions, Global Institutions, United Nations, Law, Human Rights, Security, Humanitarian Intervention, Worldwide
Crying Wolf about Antisemitism
01/08/2004 | by Richard Herzinger
If you shout “Wolf!” too often, people may not listen when the beast is actually at the door. Apathy has already become a widespread European reaction to the topic of antisemitism.
Category Government and Society, Religion, Worldwide, Islamic world, Near and Middle East/North Africa
On Religitimizing Torture
01/08/2004 | by Jan Philipp Reemtsma
The disturbing Abu Ghraib photos remind us: Nothing justifies the use of torture in a democracy. No short-term gain, however urgent the cause, is worth undermining the bedrock democratic guarantee of rule of law and individual autonomy. Criminals and suspects may legitimately be incarcerated, but they may not be enslaved. They may be pressed to confess, but not physically coerced to do so. Whenever people are treated in a way that deprives them of their capacity to dissent, our very civilization is put at risk.
Category Defence Policy, Security, Peace-Keeping, Law, Human Rights, Worldwide, Iraq
Policy and Public Opinion
01/05/2004 | by Craig Kennedy, Natalie La Balme
Opinion surveys are now crucial elements in American and European political discourse. Poll results are often provocative and, when administered with methodological rigor, can provide real insights into the “public mood” at any given point. But just how does such research feedinto policymaking? Are surveys simply interesting snapshots of citizen attitudes, or do they now dominate policy in an unhealthy way?
Category Political System, Government and Society, German Foreign Policy, Worldwide, Germany, Iraq
The Crisis in Halting WMD Proliferation
01/05/2004 | by Henning Riecke
Category Arms Control and WMD, Security, Worldwide
Nonproliferation Requires Transatlantic Cooperation
01/05/2004 | by Sebastian Harnisch
Americans and Europeans must work together more closely if they are to have any hope of halting the dangerous spread of weapons of mass destruction (WMD).
Category Arms Control and WMD, Security, Worldwide
Disarming Islamism Through Islam
01/02/2004 | by Wolfgang von Erffa
Today the world confronts not just a pan-Arab, but also a militant pan-Islamic challenge. Militant groups target the hegemony of the United States in the world. They see their interests and their integrity, which is based on cultural identity, threatened by this hegemony.
Category Terrorism, Security, Religion, Worldwide