The Armenian Massacre as Seen Today
01/11/2005 | by Bernd Pekesen
This reviewer appreciates Hosfeld’s vivid portrayal of the Armenian communities in Asia Minor, but suggests that the author’s view of the Young Turks and today’s Turkish scholarship on the massacre is too simple.
Category Conflicts and Strategies, Security, Armenia, Turkey
More Like a Molecule than an Atom
Javier Solana talks to IP
01/08/2005 | by Javier Solana
The EU's "foreign minister" talks with IP about Kosovo, Iran - and the French referendum
Category Security, Western Asia, South-East Europe, Europe
Preventing Nuclear Proliferation
Counterproliferation options include preemption and prevention
01/08/2005 | by Lothar Rühl
Every administration in the United States since Ronald Reagan, whether Republican or Democratic, has given top priority to halting nuclear proliferation. The means to this end are explicitly not confined to diplomatic niceties. "Hard security" through military action is a clear option.
Category Arms Control and WMD, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, United States of America, Iraq, Iran
Berlin and the New Transatlantic Agenda
01/08/2005 | by F. Stephen Larrabee
US-European relations are improving under Bush II; here's what Germany can do to help.
Category Conflicts and Strategies, Security, European Union, Military Capacity, United States of America, Europe, Germany, Geographical areas (transnational) and organizations of the Near and Middle East/Northern Africa East/Northern Africa
East Asian Arms Races- and Cooperation
Growth of weapons heightens tensions, but can spur mutual aid
01/08/2005 | by Frank Umbach
In the past decade global arms sales increased an average 3 percent–but East Asian arms purchases shot up 22 percent. Yet collective security arrangements are also springing up. The policy balance is a tricky one.
Category Organization of Military Defence, Military Capacity, Arms Trade, Security, Transatlantic Relations, East Asia, United States of America
Iraq- Lessons To Be Learned
We're still learning-- and unfortunately, so is the insurgency.
01/08/2005 | by Peter Faber, Carlo Masala
Two years after the start of the Iraq war, it’s time for NATO to draw some conclusions about the way this conflict and its aftermath were managed. Pre-war judgments are not omniscient. Strategic intelligence that is instrumentalized can be dangerously misleading. Dismantling a state leaves a vacuum that other forces will fill. Defense ministries are better at fighting than at planning postwar occupations.
Category Fragile States, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, NATO, State Building, Democratization/System Change, Iraq
Genocide in Darfur
The UN is finally acting, sort of-- but the agony goes on and on
01/08/2005 | by Rainer Tetzlaff
So far the butchery in Africa’s longest civil war has claimed two to three million lives and displaced seven million from their homes. The basic conflict is between the Arab Sudanese government in Khartoum and the majority black African Sudanese. The US has called the slaughter of blacks by janjaweed militias genocide; the UN has called it today‘s worst humanitarian crisis. But far too little is being done to help the victims.
Category Humanitarian Intervention, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, United Nations, Human Rights, Sudan
The Business of Terror
Financially, al Qaeda operates like a multinational corporation
01/08/2005 | by Jodi M. Vittori
Millionaire Osama bin Laden might not seem to face problems of revenues and cash flows in financing al Qaeda terrorism. But like any other multinational corporation, al Qaeda has to manage money efficiently in its worldwide operations. One of the ways to thwart terrorist attacks, then, is to curb the money laundering and other sources of illicit funds that make bombings possible.
Category Terrorism, Security, United Nations, Organized Crime, Worldwide
War in the Failed Republic of Chechnya
After Maskhadov’s death, Basayev is the only leader left
01/02/2005 | by Sonja Zekri
After serving as an officer in the Soviet army in Afghanistan and Lithuania, Aslan Maskhadov took a leaf from the Baltic liberation movements and became a brilliant strategist in the first Chechnya war that won his land temporary de facto independence from Russia. He was elected Chechen president in 1997 and resumed the fight when Vladimir Putin resumed the attack. But he was a negotiator. Basayev is not.
Category Internal Conflicts, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, Human Rights, Law, Law & Institutions, Russia
Endgame in the Balkans
Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia, and even Kosovo are now moving
01/02/2005 | by Borut Grgic
After five years in legal limbo, Kosovo is now set to get its “final status” clarified, in talks that will start in a few weeks. The interlocutors will be the Kosovar Albanians, the Serbian government, and internationals led by former Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari. Simultaneously, Croatia is starting negotiations about EU membership, and Serbia and Bosnia are starting talks with the EU on Stabilization and Association Agreements.
Category Humanitarian Intervention, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, Resources and Energy, Kosovo, South-East Europe
Dayton at Ten: A View from Washington
In solving global problems, US leadership is indispensable
01/02/2005 | by Derek Chollet
Dayton was a “maximalist” agreement; it created a bold blueprint for a new state. Yet many areas of Dayton’s implementation have suffered from “minimalism,” whether because of the limits placed on the instruments the agreement created for implementation, or because those responsible for implementation have interpreted their powers narrowly.
Category Peace-Keeping, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, Balkans, South-East Europe
Violent Islamists in the UK and Europe
The British government’s complacency is not warranted
01/02/2005 | by Alex Alexiev
The Muslim Council of Britain, the best known Muslim umbrella organization, touts itself and is touted by British officials as a model of moderate Islam. Yet a large majority of its “affiliates” are extremists. These include scores of Deobandi- and Ahle Hadith-controlled organizations.
Category Terrorism, Security, Religion, Government and Society, Europe, United Kingdom
Two-Thirds of the World
Governance in areas of limited statehood is a global problem
01/02/2005 | by Thomas Risse
The endemic problems of failed and limited statehood–humanitarian catastrophes, pandemics, hunger, and underdevelopment–are no longer “just” the isolated problems of the so-called Third World. They directly affect the security and prosperity of the developed world.
Category Fragile States, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, Worldwide
Human Rights in Global Society
How much enforcement should international society assume?
01/01/2005 | by Michael Walzer
Humanitarian intervention might be thought of as the first example of the global enforcement of human rights—contested, incomplete, uncertain, but still an example of something that has not existed until today. How far should we move beyond such humanitarian intervention? Do genocide (or famine) victms have a right to be rescued?
Category Humanitarian Intervention, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, Worldwide
Pride and Mistrust
Above all, Iran wants to be seen as the leading regional power
01/01/2005 | by Volker Perthes
The Europeans have less influence in Tehran than they might wish. They cannot give hard security rewards. Nor can they bestow the recognition of Iran’s importance that only the sole superpower can confer.
Category Arms Control and WMD, Security, Iran, Western Asia, Near and Middle East/North Africa
A Legally Binding Word
Genocide in international criminal law and political practice
01/01/2005 | by Alexandra Kemmerer
For decades, the Genocide Convention remained without any political impact. This changed with the tribunals on the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. William A. Schabas’ masterpiece illuminates this process. The 2003 German edition, reviewed here, is updated substantively from the 2000 English original, to include recent developments of international criminal law and practice, inter alia the 2001 conviction of General Radislav Krstic for his part in the 1995 Srebrenica massacre.
Category Humanitarian Intervention, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, Worldwide
Atlanticism for the 21st Century
NATO's Secretary-General contends that the worst is over after the transatlantic feuds that broke out with the Iraq war. They naysayers always exaggerated in any case. Momentum returned with the Istanbul summit last June. The US and Europe remain each other's No. 1 strategic partners. And terrorism requires cooperation between the two as never before.
Category NATO, Security, Conflicts and Strategies, Bilateral and Multilateral Agreements, European Union, Europe-USA, United States of America, Europe, Iraq, Near and Middle East/North Africa
“Divide and Rule” Fails
01/08/2004 | by Lothar Rühl
In neither Israel nor Iraq is “divide and rule” working. Tough Israeli suppression of the intifada and tough American suppression of Iraqi insurgents without countervailing positive recruitment of local allies have only brought about the most dangerous dynamic for any occupier in a hostile country: fragmentation of the enemy into a host of factions, each with its own agenda, its own following—and its own temptations to outbid rivals in extremism.
Category Conflicts and Strategies, Security, Terrorism
Al Qaeda's New Recruits
01/08/2004 | by Christoph Reuter
Qais Ibrahim Qadir was a thoroughly polite and well-read young man in his late 20s. He had plenty of spare time after he alone survived a suicide attack on a provincial governor in the eastern part of the former Kurdish autonomy zone in northern Iraq. So in prison he took five hours to tell the author why he had joined al Qaeda and wanted to kill both himself and much of the rest of humanity.
Category Terrorism, Security, Religion, Government and Society, Worldwide
Farewell to Unilateralism
01/08/2004 | by Harald Müller
The United States superpower defines its own national interest as providing the world with public goods — security, human rights, liberty, and health, among others. This definition is extraordinarily enlightened, far-sighted, and humane. Who could object to it?
Category Security, Transatlantic Relations, Conflicts and Strategies, NATO, United Nations, Law & Institutions, Arms Control and WMD, United States of America