Human Rights and Security
01/08/2004 | by Barbara Lochbihler
Tolerating human rights violations in the name of presumed crucial security interests is nothing new. We saw this trade-off in Latin America in the 1980s, and we see it in many dictatorial regimes in every region of the globe today. In the name of national security, members of minorities and political opposition movements have been and continue to be punished, tortured, and deprived of their most elementary rights.
Category Law & Institutions, Global Institutions, United Nations, Law, Human Rights, Security, Humanitarian Intervention, Worldwide
Islamist Totalitarianism
01/08/2004 | by Joachim Krause
With the train bombings in Madrid last March, fundamentalist Islamic terrorism arrived in Europe. Before more than 200 commuters were killed there, most Europeans had regarded the threat of al Qaeda as a specifically American problem, a private war waged by a strange Saudi Arabian billionaire against the world’s superpower. The Europeans and especially the Germans were either in denial about the threat or failed to take it seriously.
Category Security, Terrorism, Religion, Government and Society, Islamic world
On Religitimizing Torture
01/08/2004 | by Jan Philipp Reemtsma
The disturbing Abu Ghraib photos remind us: Nothing justifies the use of torture in a democracy. No short-term gain, however urgent the cause, is worth undermining the bedrock democratic guarantee of rule of law and individual autonomy. Criminals and suspects may legitimately be incarcerated, but they may not be enslaved. They may be pressed to confess, but not physically coerced to do so. Whenever people are treated in a way that deprives them of their capacity to dissent, our very civilization is put at risk.
Category Defence Policy, Security, Peace-Keeping, Law, Human Rights, Worldwide, Iraq
Transatlantic Power, Legitimacy, and Credibility
01/05/2004 | by Wolfgang Ischinger
Last year’s Iraq crisis was not just one more of the many transatlantic crises since the 1960s. It ran far deeper. It concerned power—military and political,hard and soft—and the legitimacy of the use of military force by the United States. By raising doubts about power, legitimacy, and credibility, it challenged the existing international order more than any other event since the cold war.
Category Europe-USA, Transatlantic Relations, United Nations, Global Institutions, Law & Institutions, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, United States of America, Europe, Iraq
Time is Running Out
01/05/2004 | by Felix Neugart
Since the end of the war in Iraq last year, a new wave of violence has dashed for the moment any hope for a quick negotiated breakthrough in the prolonged guerrilla war between Israelis and Palestinians. The resignation of moderate Palestinian Prime Minister Mahmut Abbas last September after only half a year in office showed that the attempt to isolate the recalcitrant Palestinian Authority President Yasir Arafat through external pressure in 2003 misfired.
Category Conflicts and Strategies, Security, Israel, Palestine, Near and Middle East/North Africa
The Crisis in Halting WMD Proliferation
01/05/2004 | by Henning Riecke
Category Arms Control and WMD, Security, Worldwide
Nonproliferation Requires Transatlantic Cooperation
01/05/2004 | by Sebastian Harnisch
Americans and Europeans must work together more closely if they are to have any hope of halting the dangerous spread of weapons of mass destruction (WMD).
Category Arms Control and WMD, Security, Worldwide
The North Korean Nuclear State
01/05/2004 | by Frank Umbach
Following Pakistan’s recent revelations about trading nuclear for missile technology with North Korea, the crisis on the Korean peninsula has intensified. As six-way talks were scheduled to resume in late February, the World Food Program—which has long been feeding six million North Koreans to stave off starvation—appealed for more aid, as international donors began to balk at pouring humanitarian money into a country that spends its own money on weapons.
Category Arms Control and WMD, Security, North Korea, China, East Asia, Asia
Security and Japan’s Younger Generation
01/05/2004 | by Keizo Takemi
Japan’s most important security issue today is North Korea’s drive to acquire nuclear weapons. Already the threat has brought Japan to agree to develop a missile-defense system jointly with the United States, and to relax its decades-old ban on arms exports, in order to facilitate exchange of hardware in the endeavor.
Category Security, Arms Control and WMD, Japan, North Korea, East Asia
Sub-Saharan Africa
01/05/2004 | by Helmut Strizek
Sub-Saharan Africa is in far deeper trouble than it should be. Although this region does have substantial natural deficits, its greatest disadvantages are man-made: failing governance, war, and harmful outside meddling.
Category Security, Fragile States, Conflicts and Strategies, Resources and Energy, Corruption, State Building, Geographical areas of Africa, West Africa, Central Africa, Southern Africa, East Africa
Disarming Islamism Through Islam
01/02/2004 | by Wolfgang von Erffa
Today the world confronts not just a pan-Arab, but also a militant pan-Islamic challenge. Militant groups target the hegemony of the United States in the world. They see their interests and their integrity, which is based on cultural identity, threatened by this hegemony.
Category Terrorism, Security, Religion, Worldwide