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From Reset to Re-Understanding
From Reset to Re-Understanding

An opportunity to support more democratic reform in Russia

15/08/2012 | by Iris Kempe | Russia, Democratization/System Change

The West’s reset of relations with Russia over the last three and a half years has served its purpose. What Europe needs now is a re-understanding of Russia. Only such a re-understanding will help support the country's liberal middle class as it fights for more democratic rights.

ip journal

Time For A Makeover
Time For A Makeover

Re-thinking EU policy in the Arab world

03/07/2012 | by Nathalie Tocci | Arab countries, Democratization/System Change

As the effects of the Arab Spring continue to re-shape North Africa and the Middle East, the EU needs to develop new strategies for dealing with the region's affected countries. But the Union must be careful not to fall back on the inflexible frameworks used for the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership or the Union for the Mediterranean. The EU should pursue a more pragmatic approach that takes into account the incentives and challenges of its neighbors.


Stability in Northern Iraq
The Kurdish region and the “good hegemon” Turkey
25/06/2011 | by Friedbert Pflüger
The autonomous region of Iraqi Kurdistan is not yet a flawless democracy. Nevertheless, the days of war and conflict seem to have come to an end. The province is relatively stable and is experiencing steady democratization and an economic boost, thanks largely to Turkey. Now Europe should also get more involved.
Category Humanitarian Intervention, Democratization/System Change, Europe, Iraq, Turkey, Kurdistan, Near and Middle East/North Africa
The Politics of Populism
Rise of the rabble-rousers in Central Europe
01/05/2010 | by Paul Hockenos
From the Baltic to the Balkans, demagogues of different stripes have made striking gains at the expense of their liberal opponents. Their populism appeals broadly to people who are frustrated with years of economic hardship and disillusioned with the European Union. Europe pays a high price for having these elements in its midst.
Category European Union, Government and Society, Democratization/System Change, Eastern Europe, Europe
Leadership and Postcommunist Transition
The new Central European democracies succeeded on their own
The new democracies that emerged after communist collapse in Central Europe did not enjoy strong or charismatic leaders. It was much more a case of improvisation by political amateurs. Yet the likes of Poland’s Leszek Balcerowicz and Czechoslovakia’s Vaclav Havel effected radical changes. The President of the Batory Foundation, Warsaw, suggests twelve reasons for this counterintuitive success.
Category State Building, Corruption, Poverty, Government and Society, Democratization/System Change, Central Europe, Eastern Europe
Ismail Abdullah's Barbershop
Two cheers for the election and Iraqization-- but what's next?
01/08/2005 | by Christoph Reuter
Ismail Abdullah doesn’t want to be murdered, and therefore he is desisting from trimming beards in an un-Islamic fashion. He has to live with the aftermath of the successful January vote and the three-month failure of those elected to form a government. If the Shiites get their way, there will be more sharia law. If the Kurds get their way, there will be greater autonomy. If the Sunnis get much of anything, it will be a miracle.
Category Religion, Government and Society, Democratization/System Change, Iraq
Iraq- Lessons To Be Learned
We're still learning-- and unfortunately, so is the insurgency.
01/08/2005 | by Peter Faber, Carlo Masala
Two years after the start of the Iraq war, it’s time for NATO to draw some conclusions about the way this conflict and its aftermath were managed. Pre-war judgments are not omniscient. Strategic intelligence that is instrumentalized can be dangerously misleading. Dismantling a state leaves a vacuum that other forces will fill. Defense ministries are better at fighting than at planning postwar occupations.
Category Fragile States, Conflicts and Strategies, Security, NATO, State Building, Democratization/System Change, Iraq
The people said No, and that started it
Aleksander Kwasniewski talking to Warsaw’s Polityka
01/01/2005 | by Aleksander Kwasniewski
The Polish President who played a key role in discussions regarding the 2004 Ukraine elections reveals insights into how the current result came about.
Category Democratization/System Change, Ukraine, Eastern Europe, Europe
Ukraine’s Most Dangerous Hour
The Orange Revolution’s victory changes the art of the possible
01/01/2005 | by James Sherr
New President Viktor Yushchenko’s success will stand or fall on his ability to change the nature and not simply the image of the system that has governed Ukraine for the past fourteen years.
Category Democratization/System Change, Ukraine, Eastern Europe, Europe
Democratizing the Mideast
01/08/2004 | by Udo Steinbach
The American campaign to democratize Iraq, and through it the Greater Middle East, was hampered from the outset by a failure to take the region's history and culture properly into account, says the Director of the German Orient Institute. The traditional Islamic concept of good governance centers on justice, not on individual freedom or political participation. Democratization will have to be a long, evolutionary process.
Category Conflicts and Strategies, State Building, Democratization/System Change, Iraq, United States of America, Near and Middle East/North Africa
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